Bipolar disorder formally was referred to as manic depression. It’s a mood disorder or major affective disorder that is characterized by drastic mood swings. This type of disorderio includes a very serious condition, as mania will lead to sleeplessness, at times for days, alongside paranoid rage, grand are related to it will alternate from clinical, or major, depression to extreme elation or mania. These mood swings could range fse delusions, psychosis, and/or hallucinations.
What’s Bipolar Disorder?
This disorder includes a complicated genetic disorder. Mood swings thatrom very mild up to extreme, as well as they could occur suddenly or gradually inside a time frame of a few minutes to a couple of hours. As mood swings frequently occur, the process is referred to as rapid cycling. Alongside the drastic mood swings, a patient who has bipolar disorder might experience disturbances in thinking. He or she also may experience distortions of perception, as well as a social functioning impairment.
What is the Cause of Bipolar Disorder?
As with additional mood disorders, what causes this disorder isn’t known. What is well-known is that this disorder possesses a genetic element, as well as could run in families.
During What Age Is Bipolar Disorder Typically Diagnosed?
According to bipolar statistics, this disorder typically will appear in between the ages of 15 to 24, as well as persists throughout a person’s lifetime. It is rare that newfound diagnosed mania is witnessed in youngsters or within adults over the age of 65. Seriousness of symptoms will vary with people with bipolar disorder. As a few individuals experience a couple of symptoms, other ones experience several which will impair their capability of working and living a regular life
Marked by remissions and relapses, bipolar disorder possesses a high recthreatening urrence rate if left untreated. Patients who have severe mania will typically need hospitalization in order to keep them from behaviors. The ones who are seriously depressed additionally may require hospitalization in order to keep them from acting upon suicidal thoughts. According to bipolar statistics, around ninety percent of people who have bipolar I disorder —that’s the more severe form, experience at the minimum of one psychiatric hospitalization. Two of 3 are going to have 2 or more hospitalizations within their lifetime.
Depression Symptoms of the Disorder
Clinical depressive symptoms that are witnessed with bipolar disorder will involve:
- Weight loss and/or reduced appetite, or weight gain and overeating
- Difficulty in concentrating, making decisions and remembering
- Being ‘slowed down,’ decreased energy, fatigue
- Feelings of helplessness, worthlessness, and guilt
- Pessimism, feelings of hopelessness
- Insomnia, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping
- Lack of pleasure or interest in activities and hobbies which once were enjoyed, involving sex
- Consistent physical symptoms which don’t respond to treatment, like chronic pain, digestive disorders, and headaches
- Persistently ‘empty,’ anxious or sad moods
- Irritability, restlessness
- Thoughts of suicide or death, attempts at suicide
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Signs of Mania w/ this Disorder
Signs of mania w/ bipolar disorder will involve:
- Racing and disconnected thoughts
- Grandiose notions
- Unsuitable elation
- Unsuitable irritability
- Unsuitable social behavior
- Rise in sexual desire
- Rise in talking volume and/or speed
- Marked rise in energy
- Bad judgment
- Serious insomnia
What’s Bipolar II Disorder?
As mania includes the primary characteristic of bipolar I disorder, the disorder of bipolar II will possess milder times of elation well-known as hypomania. It will additionally have episodes of major or mild depression. According to DSM-IV, the manual published by American Psychiatric Association, one difference in between hypomania and mania will include its degree of severity.
Signs of Hypomania w/ Bipolar II Disorder
The signs of hypomania w/ bipolar II disorder will involve:
- Reduced necessity for sleep
- Extreme concentration on projects at home or work
- Elated or exuberant mood
- Boosted confidence
- Increased productivity and creativity
- Increased libido and energy
- Reckless behavior
- Risk-taking behavior
How’s Bipolar Disorder Diagnosed?
Similarly to the majority of mood disorders, there isn’t any lab test or X-ray in order to diagnose this disorder. Following conducting a physical examination, your physician is going to assess your symptoms and signs. Your physician is going to additionally inquire of your family history and personal clinical history. Laboratory tests might be conducted to rule out additional severe illnesses which may affect mood.
Additionally, your physician might wish to speak to members of your family in order to see if they could identify times that you were elated. Due to elation feeling good, it is oftentimes difficult for an individual who has this disorder to know if his or her mood was too high. Mania will oftentimes affect judgment, thinking, as well as social behavior in ways which will lead to severe issues, as well as embarrassment. For instance, unwise financial or business decisions might be made as a person is within a manic stage. Therefore, early diagnosis, as well as effective treatment is extremely critical with this disorder.
How’s Bipolar Disorder Treated?
Bipolar disorder treatment might involve the usage of mood stabilizers like lithium. Benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, as well as anticonvulsants also may be utilized in order to stabilize a person’s mood. At times, antidepressants will be provided in combination with a mood stabilizer in order to increase the depressed mood. Additionally, stimulants might be utilized in order to boost or to step up the antidepressant medication action.
Check out these bipolar statistics:
- Youngsters who have a sibling or a parent who have been diagnosed with this disorder (as compared with the ones who have no family history of this disease) are 4 – 6 times more likely to obtain the illness.
- As one parent possesses bipolar disorder, the threat to each youngster is l5% to 30%. As both parents possess this disorder, the threat will increase to 50% to 75%.
- Over 2/3 of individuals who have this disorder possess at the minimum of a single close relative who has the illness, that indicates a likely hereditary element.
- One National Institute of Mental Health report discovered that 1% of adolescents from age 14 – 18 did meet the criteria for this disorder.
- One report discovered that twenty percent of adolescents who are suffering with major depression did develop this disorder within 5 years of the depression onset.
- World Health Organization lists this disorder as the 6th top cause of disability within the world.
- The life expectancy is lowered for the ones who suffer with this disorder by 9.2 years. One out of every five sufferers will contemplate suicide during some point within their lifetime.
- The twelve-month prevalence: Around 5.7 million adults in the United States, or around 2.6% of the United States population ages 18 and above, suffers from this disorder.
- The lifetime prevalence: Around 3.2% of the United States adult population suffers with this disorder.
- The lifetime prevalence: This disorder affects women and men equally. An equal amount of women and men will develop bipolar illness, as well as it’s discovered in every age, race, ethnic group, and social class.
- The average age of onset for this disorder is twenty-five years, though the illness may appear in childhood or as late as fifty years of age.
- Estimated 3.4 million adolescents and children who have depression within the United States might actually be undergoing the early onset of this disorder.
- Nearly 50% of every sufferer experienced onset prior to the age of 25.
National Institute of Mental Health:
Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance:http://www.dbsalliance.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_statistics_bipolar