We all become forgetful as we age. Most elderly individuals will have a small loss of memory which won’t have an effect on their day-to-day lives. However, memory loss which becomes worse might mean that you possess dementia. Dementia includes a loss of mental skills which affects your day-to-day functioning. It could lead to issues with your memory, as well as how well you could plan and think. Typically dementia grows worse over time. How long it takes will differ for each individual. A few people remain the same for years. Other ones quickly lose skills.
According to dementia statistics, your odds of having dementia increase as you age. However, it does not mean that everybody will get it. As you reach age 85, around 35 of every 100 people have some type of dementia. This means that 65 of every 100 do not possess it. Dementia is rare prior to the age of 60. If a loved one or you are experiencing memory loss which is growing worse, see a physician. It might be nothing to be concerned about. If it’s dementia, treatment might be of assistance.
What are the causes of dementia?
Dementia is usually caused by destruction to, or alteration inside the brain. Circumstances which may lead to dementia involve:
- Head injuries, tumors or strokes. Following Alzheimer’s disease, strokes include the more common dementia cause. This kind of dementia is referred to as vascular dementia.
- Diseases, like Parkinson’s disease, dementia w/ Lewy bodies, as well as frontotemporal dementia.
Within some instances, dementia is caused by an issue which could be treated. Instances involve hypothyroidism (possessing an underactive thyroid gland), not getting an adequate supply of vitamin B12, as well as fluid buildup inside the brain (regular-pressure hydrocephalus). Within these instances, treating the issue might cure the dementia.
Within a few individuals, depression could lead to memory loss which seems similar to dementia. Depression may be treated. As you grow older, medications might affect you more. Consuming some medications together might lead to symptoms which appear similar to dementia. Make certain your physician knows of all the medications you’re taking. It means each prescription medication and each over-the-counter medication, herb, vitamin, and supplement.
Symptoms of Dementia
Generally the initial symptom includes memory loss. Oftentimes the individual with a memory issue does not notice it, yet friends and family do. As dementia grows worse:
- You might struggle more with doing things which require planning, such as creating a list then going shopping.
- You might experience struggles understanding or using words.
- You might become lost in locations you know well.
Over time, individuals who have dementia might start to act differently. They might become frightened and strike at other people, or they might become childlike and clingy. They might cease in bathing or brushing their teeth. Later, they can’t care for themselves. They might not understand where they are. They might not know loved ones as they come into contact with them.
Treatment of Dementia
There are medications to take for dementia. They can’t cure it, yet they could slow it down for a little while and make it simpler to live with. As the condition grows worse, an individual might grow depressed or upset and angry. Treatment, like counseling and medicines, might be of assistance. So could getting out more often and having a social life.
If a stroke led to the dementia there will include things to do to decrease the odds of an additional stroke. Exercise, remain at a healthy weight, as well as keep your cholesterol and blood pressure at regular levels. If you possess diabetes, keep blood sugar in its targeted range. Keeping your body and mind active includes a great idea for anybody. Also, it helps not to smoke.
How can you aid a loved one with dementia?
There will include several things to do to assist your loved one in being safe at the house. For instance, eliminate throw rugs, and place handrails inside bathrooms to assist in preventing falls. Place reminder notes all around the home. Place a list of key phone numbers by the phone. You can also aid your loved one in staying active. Play board games or cards, and go for walks.
Work with a loved one to make determinations concerning the future prior to dementia growing worse. It’s vital that you create a living will and durable power of attorney. Living wills state the kinds of clinical care your loved one desires. Durable powers of attorney allow your loved one to choose somebody to become the health care agent. The individual makes care decisions following your loved one not having the ability to.
Witnessing a loved one slip away could be scary and sad. Caring for somebody who has dementia may leave you drained. Make certain you care for yourself and give yourself breaks. Ask a family member to share this load, or obtain additional assistance.
A loved one needs more care as the dementia grows worse. In time, she or he might require assistance with eating, getting dressed, or using the restroom. You might have the ability to give the care at home, or you might wish to consider utilizing a nursing home. Nursing homes could provide this type of care around the clock. The time might come as a nursing home includes the ideal choice.
You aren’t alone. Most persons have loved ones who have dementia. Ask your physician about area support groups, or browse the Web for Internet support groups, like Alzheimer’s Association. Assistance is available.
- 5.4 million in the U.S. are struggling Alzheimer’s disease.
- One in eight elderly Americans are suffering with Alzheimer’s disease.
- Alzheimer’s disease includes the 6th top cause of death within the U.S. and the sole cause of death amongst the top ten in the U.S. which can’t be prevented, slowed or cured.
- Over 15 million people in the U.S. offer unpaid care valued at over $210 billion for people who have Alzheimer’s and additional dementias.
- Care payments are estimated to be around $200 billion within the U.S. in 2012.
Dementia Statistics: Cost to nation
The direct expenses of caring for the ones who have Alzheimer’s or additional dementias to the U.S. society in 2012 is going to total a around $200 billion, involving $140 billion within expenses to Medicaid and Medicare.
Median per person payment for Medicare for an elderly person who has Alzheimer’s or additional dementias are almost three times higher than for an elderly individual without those conditions. Medicaid payments are nineteen times higher.
Unless something’s done, the care expenses of Alzheimer’s and additional dementias will jump from $200 billion in 2012 to an expected $1.1 trillion by 2050. This drastic increase involves a 500% rise in combined Medicaid and Medicare spending.
Dementia Statistics: Individuals who have Alzheimer’s Residing Alone
Approximately 800,000 people who have Alzheimer’s (or 1 in 7) reside alone. Individuals who have Alzheimer’s and additional dementias who reside alone will be exposed to higher threats—involving malnutrition, inadequate self-care, falls, untreated medical conditions, wandering from the house unattended, as well as accidental deaths—as compared with the ones who don’t live alone. Of these with Alzheimer’s and reside alone, up to 50% of them don’t possess an identifiable caregiver.
Alzheimer’s Reading Room:http://www.alzheimersreadingroom.com/2010/01/what-is-alzheimers-disease.html
Alzheimer’s Reading Room:http://www.alz.org/downloads/facts_figures_2012.pdf