Effects of Eating Disorders | Diagnosing Mental Disorders

Physical Effects of Eating Disorders


There are a lot of women and men suffering of all kinds of eating disorders which don’t appear within any certain weight range. The ones who have anorexia could be somewhat overweight… whereas the ones who have compulsive eating could be somewhat underweight.


Variations for all suffering could be anywhere from highly underweight to highly overweight to anywhere between. The outward look of anybody who has an eating disorder doesn’t dictate the quantity of physical harm they’re in, nor will it decide the emotional conflict felt inside. They don’t have to display all of the following symptoms to be within the danger zone.

Malnutrition – The term malnutrition indicates deficiency for protein, energy, and micronutrients either in combination or singularly. It could lead to serious health risks involving kidney failure, respiratory infections, heart attack, blindness, and death.

Dehydration – It’s caused by the lack of or depletion of ingestion of fluids within the body, or by limitations of fat and carbohydrates. Starvation/restriction, laxative abuse and vomiting include the main causes in eating disorder sufferers.


Mineral and Vitamin Deficiencies


  • Lanugo –It’s caused because of a protective mechanism built-in the body to assist in keeping an individual warm within times of malnutrition and starvation, and hormonal imbalances which result.
  • Muscle Atrophy – The wasting away of muscle, as well as a reduction in muscle mass because of the body feeding off itself.
  • Esophagus tearing – It’s caused by vomiting that’s self-induced.
  • Mallory-Weiss tear – Related to vomiting, it’s a tear of a person’s gastroesophageal junction.
  • Gastric Rupture – It’s sudden stomach erosion, rupture or perforation.
  • Gastrointestinal Bleeding – It’s bleeding inside a person’s digestive tract.
  • Acid Reflux Disorders/Esophageal Reflux – Things in the stomach that are partially digested, combined with enzymes and acid, regurgitates back inside the esophagus. It may cause damage to the lungs, larynx and esophagus and boosts the odds of developing esophageal and larynx cancer.
  • Insomnia – Experiencing issues staying and/or falling asleep.
  • Hyperactivity – These are manic bouts of not having the ability to remain still.
  • Bruised or calloused fingers – It’s caused by repeatedly utilizing fingers to induce vomiting.
  • Dry hair and skin, brittle nails and hair, hair loss – It’s caused by mineral and vitamin deficiencies, dehydration and malnutrition.
  • Orthostatic Hypotension – Spontaneous decrease in blood pressure while standing or sitting up.
  • Hypertension/elevated blood pressure – High blood pressure that goes over 140/90. May lead to blood vessel alteration in the back of your eye causing vision impairment; irregular thickening of your heart muscle; brain damage; and kidney failure.
  • Diabetes – Elevated blood sugar as a consequence of reduced insulin production. It may be caused by hormonal imbalances, chronic pancreatitis, or hyperglycemia.
  • Ketoacidosis – Elevated acid levels which build in the bloodstream caused by a person’s body burning fat to obtain energy. It could be a consequence of starvation, excess purging, hyperglycemia, dehydration, and/or alcohol use. It may cause coma or death.
  • Osteoporosis – It’s a thinning of your bones with decrease in bone mass because of depletion of bone protein and calcium that predispose to fractures.
  • Arthritis – Could be caused by vitamin deficiencies and hormonal imbalances, as well as boosted stress upon the joints in people suffering of compulsive overeating.
  • Amenorrhea – Menstrual cycle loss. This also can cause osteoporosis and osteopenia.
  • Dental issues, decalcification of the teeth, tooth enamel erosion, serious decay, gum disease – Are caused by stomach enzymes and acids; calcium and vitamin D deficiencies, and hormonal imbalances. Also can be because of a lack of exercise the teeth could gain from the process of ingesting specific foods. Dental issues can occasionally indicate issues with your heart.
  • Infertility/Unable to have kids – This is caused by menstrual cycle loss and a hormonal imbalance. Vitamin deficiencies and malnutrition also can make it improbable to be successful with a pregnancy of full-term, and may significantly boost the odds of a baby being born with a birth defect.
  • Temperature Sensitivity/Decreased body temperature – It’s caused by healthy insulating layer of fat loss and reduced blood pressure.


Social Effects of Eating Disorders


People suffering with bulimia or anorexia oftentimes feel secretive concerning both their eating disorder and their bodies. They oftentimes wish to conceal their bodies all the time. It means they do not visit pools or go for swims with friends and create excuses to never try on a swimsuit. They do not take showers with crowds, visit the gym and never wear revealing clothes and oftentimes dress in baggy, bulky clothes to conceal their bodies as much they can.


People suffering with eating disorders oftentimes avoid social occasions in which there is food being served. They might pride themselves within their exercise routines or their capability of keeping from eating within social events or parties. Those habits translate to anxiety or difficulty dealing with stressful events which oftentimes results in elevated frustration levels. Unfortunately, those suffering with eating disorders don’t suffer with them inside a vacuum. It means they typically additionally possess antisocial behavior and could be unpredictable within social circumstances.


People suffering with an eating disorder might really comprehend how their behaviors are affecting them, yet not recognize how their behavior is affecting those they love and the ones who love them. The stress of residing with a person suffering with an eating disorder could separate a family. Family members oftentimes become alienated by other people in their school, adult friends, friends, and colleagues due to the unpredictable within antisocial behavior of a sufferer.


Social effects of eating disorders are varied and may have a serious negative impact upon the lives of both a sufferer and his/her the family. Whilst the negative physical effects of eating disorders will result within liver, kidney, or heart issues, the social effects may boost the issue and worsen this disease.


Mental Effects of Eating Disorders


Eating disorders could have terrible emotional effects upon a sufferer. Most of the time, there will include emotional factors which precipitate an eating disorder. If gone untreated, those same issues become more powerful and hard to resolve.


Poor Body Image: Most eating disorders start with body dissatisfaction, as well as the need to alter how you appear. What starts as an attempt to diet may turn into an obsession with food, body image, and weight. In order for an anorexia diagnosis to be made, an overwhelming fear of putting on weight includes one of the criteria.


Reduced Self-Esteem: Poor body image and dissatisfaction oftentimes cause low self-worth and low self-esteem feelings. Feelings of anxiety and failure oftentimes accompany such disorders due to weight gain causing overwhelming feelings of guilt and failure. Self-esteem will be tied to appearing thin and losing weight.


Need to Control: Inadequate feelings oftentimes cause eating disorders and may be one method of getting control in specific circumstances. Adolescents who might possess a challenging home life might try to exert control by not eating. Kids repeatedly told that they must lose weight might hoard and sneak food.


Psychological Problems: Eating disorders oftentimes co-exist with psychological problems like substance abuse, anxiety and depression, according to National Institute of Mental Health. Most of these problems could become severe if not treated immediately with the assistance of an eligible mental health specialist.




Timberline Knolls:

National Institute of Mental Health:

Diagnosing Mental Disorders
Eating Disorders