Manic Depression Symptoms | Diagnosing Mental Disorders

Manic Depression Symptoms

The manic stage might last from a few days to a few months and may involve these symptoms:

  • Irritation or agitation
  • Elevated mood

Hyperactivity

Definition

Hyperactivity includes a state of an overabundance of muscle activity. The term also is utilized to define a situation in which a certain part of the body is overly active, like as a gland produces an overabundance of its certain hormone.

Considerations

Hyperactive behavior typically refers to a circle of characteristics. They may involve frequent activity, being distracted easily, impulsiveness, incapability of concentrating, aggressiveness, as well as similar behaviors.

Usual behaviors might involve constant moving or fidgeting, wandering, an overabundance of talking, and a hard time engaging in quiet activities (like reading).

Hyperactivity isn’t defined easily, due to it oftentimes depending upon the tolerance of an observer. Behavior which seems excessive to a single observer might not seem excessive to an additional one. But, certain kids — as compared with other ones — are more active that may become an issue if it interferes with making friends or school work.

Hyperactivity often is thought to be more of an issue for parents and schools than it will be for the affected youngster. But, most hyperactive kids are not happy or depressed. Hyperactive behavior might make a youngster a target for bullying, or make it difficult to connect with others. Schoolwork might be more challenging, and hyperactive children frequently are punished for the behavior.

Hyperkinetic (excess movement) behavior oftentimes reduces as the youngster ages, and might entirely disappear by adolescence.

Causes

  • ADD
  • Central nervous system or brain disorders
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Emotional disorders
  • A rise in energy
  • Loss of self-control
  • Racing ideas
  • Exaggerated self-esteem (false beliefs in special capabilities, delusions of grandeur)
  • Not much need for sleep
  • Over-involvement in tasks
  • Temper control is poor
  • Dangerous behavior
  • Drug use and/or drinking
  • Impaired judgment
  • Promiscuity
  • Spending sprees
  • Tendency to become distracted easily

 

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Binge eating

Definition

It’s when an individual consumes a massive quantity of food within a briefer span of time than they usually might. Within binge eating, an individual additionally feels a sense of lack of control.

Considerations

Eating disorder bulimia will be more common amongst young adults and female adolescents. Individuals who have bulimia usually consume massive quantities of high-calorie food sources, typically secretly. Following this binge eating, they oftentimes make themselves throw up. They’ll have feelings of depression or guilt.

Complications from long-run bulimia involve:

  • Electrolyte irregularities
  • Gastric dilation
  • Esophagitis
  • Lung aspiration
  • Pharyngitis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Tooth decay
  • Hemorrhoids and constipation also are common in those who have bulimia.

Even though death from bulimia is very rare, this disorder may last for years. It could be as serious as, or more serious than anorexia nervosa.

Causes

The causes are unknown. But, binge eating oftentimes starts after or during strict dieting. It might be caused by the stress of not consuming an adequate supply of food.

Home Care

  • Take measures to decrease your stress and better your general health.
  • Medicine is not typically required for this disorder. But, your physician might prescribe antidepressants.
  • Counseling and supportive care are advised. Group, individual, behavioral, and family therapy might help.
  • Contact your doctor if you believe you may have bulimia.
  • The symptoms of mania are witnessed with bipolar disorder I. Within those who have bipolar disorder II, the hypomanic episodes include similar symptoms which are not as intense.

Definition

Mania includes an irregularly elated mental state, usually characterized by euphoric feelings, loss of inhibitions, diminished necessity for sleep, racing thoughts, irritability, risk taking, and talkativeness. Within extreme instances, mania may involve hallucinations and additional psychotic symptoms.

Description

Mania usually happens as a bipolar disorder symptom (mood disorder characterized by depressive and manic episodes alike). People who have a manic episode oftentimes experience feelings of elation, self-importance, sociability, talkativeness, and a need to embark upon goal-oriented tasks, paired with less desirable characteristics of impatience, irritability, hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and reduced necessity for sleep. (Notation: Hypomania includes a word applied to a condition that resembles mania. It’s characterized by elevated or persistent expansive mood, inflated self-esteem, hyperactivity, etc., yet of much less intensity than mania.) Serious mania might contain psychotic features.

Symptoms and causes

Mania could be induced by the abuse or use of stimulant drugs like amphetamines and cocaine. It’s additionally the predominant bipolar disorder feature, or manic depression, the affective mental illness which leads to extreme mood swings and emotional changes.

The DSM-IV (Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition), a diagnostic standard for mental health experts in the United States, defines a manic episode as an irregularly elevated mood that lasts a minimum of a week that’s distinguished by a minimum of 3 of these symptoms: reduced necessity for sleep, inflated self-esteem, racing thoughts, talkativeness, distractibility, rise in goal-directed tasks, or excess engagement in pleasurable tasks which possess a high potential for uncomfortable results. If the mood of an individual is not elevated, but is irritable, 4 of those symptoms are needed.

Depressed phase of both kinds of bipolar disorder includes extremely severe symptoms of chronic depression:

  • Hard time concentrating, making decisions or remembering
  • Disturbances in eating
  • Weight loss and loss of appetite
  • Weight gain and overeating
  • Listlessness or fatigue
  • Feelings of worthlessness, guilt and/or hopelessness
  • Lack of self-esteem
  • Constant sadness
  • Constant thoughts of death
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Excess sleepiness
  • Incapable of sleeping
  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Withdrawal from tasks once enjoyed
  • Friend withdrawal

Sleep disorders include any hardships associated with sleeping, involving a hard time falling or remaining asleep, falling asleep at unsuitable times, excess overall sleep time, or irregular behaviors related to sleep.

Risk factors, incidence, causes

Over 100 various disorders of waking and sleeping have been identified. They could be grouped within 4 primary classifications:

  • Insomnia (issues with falling and remaining asleep)
  • Excess daytime sleepiness (issues with remaining awake)
  • Sleep rhythm issue (issues with sticking to a routine sleep schedule)
  • Sleep-disruptive behaviors (abnormal behaviors while sleeping)

Issues with falling and remaining asleep

Insomnia is any mixture of hardship with falling asleep, remaining asleep, intermittent early-morning awakening and wakefulness. Episodes might be transient, last as long as two to three weeks, or be long-term.

Common issues related to insomnia involve:

  • Depression
  • Physical illness
  • Stress or anxiety
  • Poor sleeping atmosphere such as excess light or noise
  • Alcohol or additional drugs
  • Caffeine
  • Usage of specific medicines
  • Excess smoking
  • Physical pain
  • Napping in the daytime
  • Counterproductive sleep patterns
  • Earlier bedtimes
  • Excess time spent awake within bed

Disorders involve:

  • Psychophysiological insomnia: Condition where stress caused by insomnia makes it difficult to get to asleep
  • Delayed sleep stage syndrome: Internal clock constantly is out of synch with ‘accepted’ daytime / nighttime phases; for instance, patients feel better if they could sleep from 4 a.m. to 12 noon
  • Hypnotic-dependent sleep disorders: The insomnia which happens as you cease or become tolerant to specific kinds of sleep medicines
  • Stimulant-dependent sleep disorders: The insomnia which happens as you cease or become dependent upon specific kinds of stimulants

Issues with remaining awake

Disorders of excess sleepiness are referred to as hypersomnias. They involve:

  • Idiopathic hypersomnia (excess sleepiness which happens without identifiable causes)
  • Narcolepsy
  • Central and obstructive sleep apnea
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Sporadic limb movement disorder

Issues sticking with a regular sleep routine

Issues also may happen as you don’t sustain a regular wake and sleep routine. It happens while traveling between times zones, as well as with shift workers upon rotating routines, especially nighttime employees.

 

Related Links:

Bipolar Disorder: How to Be Understanding With Bipolar People

Bipolar Disorder – Mental Illness Is Nothing To Be Ashamed Of

 

Sources:

http://www.allaboutlifechallenges.org/manic-depression-symptoms-faq.htm