Schizophrenia and related disorders istreated with antipsychotic medication. The conventional antipsychotics were created in the min 1950s. The commonly used medications include: halopendol, fluphenazine, chlorpromazine, and perphenazine.
Newer medications, called “atypical” medications were designed in the 1990s.
A very effective medication is clozapine. It treats the hallucinations, breaks in reality, and other psychotic symptoms from which those with schizophrenia may suffer. While it is effective it can also cause a serious health problem known as agranulocytosis. Agranulocytosis is the loss of white blood cells that help fight infections. Because of this, those on clozapine have to endure additional weekly blood tests to check the white cell count. Additional tests can make clozapine a cost prohibitive solution despite how effective it is.