According to schizophrenia statistics, schizophrenia includes a severe brain disorder which distorts the method in which an individual acts, thinks, perceives reality, expresses emotions, as well as relates to other people. Individuals who have schizophrenia — the most disabling and chronic of the mental illnesses — oftentimes have issues functioning properly in society, at school, at work, and within relationships. Schizophrenia could leave its sufferer withdrawn and frightened. It’s a lifetime disease which can’t be cured, yet typically may be controlled with the right treatment.
Contrary to belief, schizophrenia isn’t a split personality. According toschizophrenia statistics, schizophrenia includes a psychosis, a kind of mental illness where an individual can’t tell what’s real from what’s imagined. Occasionally, individuals who have psychotic disorders will lose touch with reality. Our world might seem as if it’s a jumble of confusing sounds, images, and thoughts. The behavior of individuals who have schizophrenia might be extremely odd and unpredictable. Sudden changes in behavior and personality, which happens as sufferers lose touch with reality, will be referred to as a psychotic episode.
Persons who have schizophrenia might have numerous symptoms including changes in personality and ability, and they might exhibit various sorts of behavior during different times. As the illness initially appears, usually symptoms are severe and sudden.
According to schizophrenia statistics, schizophrenic causes aren’t known. However, it’s known that schizophrenia – similar to diabetes and cancer — includes a real illness that has a biological basis. It isn’t the consequence of personal weakness or poor parenting. Researchers have revealed numerous factors which apparently play a part in schizophrenia development, involving:
- Heredity (genetics): Schizophrenia usually runs in families, meaning a rise in the rare likelihood to develop this illness might be passed down from a parent to a child.
- Brain chemistry: Individuals who have schizophrenia might possess an imbalance of specific chemicals in the brain. They might either be extremely sensitive to or make an overabundance of a brain chemical referred to as dopamine. Dopamine includes a neurotransmitter, a substance which assists nerve cells in the brain in sending messages to one another. A dopamine imbalance affects the method in which the brain reacts to specific stimuli, like smells, sounds, and sights and may cause delusions, as well as hallucinations.
- Brain irregularity: Studies have discovered irregular function and structure in the brain of those who have schizophrenia. But, this sort of abnormality does not occur in every schizophrenic and may occur in individuals without this disease.
- Environment: Proof implies that specific environmental factors, like a viral infection, excess exposure to toxins such as marijuana, bad social interactions, or extremely stressful circumstances, might cause schizophrenia in those who’ve inherited a tendency to develop this disorder. Schizophrenia oftentimes surfaces as the human body undergoes physical and hormonal changes, like those which happen within the young adult and teen years.
The objective of schizophrenia treatment includes reducing the symptoms and decreasing the odds of a return of symptoms or relapse. Schizophrenia treatment might involve:
- Medicine: The main medicines utilized in the treatment of schizophrenia are referred to as antipsychotics. These medications don’t cure schizophrenia, yet aid in relieving the most troublesome symptoms, involving delusions, thinking problems, and hallucinations. Older medicines utilized involve: Mellaril, Trilafon, Stelazine, Navane, Haldol, Prolixin, and Thorazine. More recent medicines utilized in the treatment of schizophrenia involve: Zyprexa, Seroquel, Saphris, Risperdal, Invega, Geodon, Clozaril, and Abilify.
- Psychosocial therapy: As medicine might alleviate schizophrenic symptoms, different psychosocial treatments could aid with the psychological, behavioral, occupational and social issues related to the illness. Via therapy, patients additionally could learn to manage their symptoms, can identify earlier warning signals of relapse, as well as create a plan for relapse prevention.
Psychosocial therapies involve:
- Rehabilitation, that concentrates upon job training and social skills to aid people who have schizophrenia in functioning inside the community, as well as living as independently as they can.
- Individual psychotherapy; that can assist the individual in better understanding her or his illness, and study problem-solving and coping skills.
- Family therapy; that can aid families in dealing more efficiently with the loved one with schizophrenia, allowing the family to better assist the loved one.
- Support groups/group therapy; that could offer continual support.
- Hospitalization: Many individuals who have schizophrenia might be treated as an outpatient. But, individuals who have especially serious symptoms or the ones in danger of harming themselves or other people might need hospitalization so they can stabilize the condition.
- ECT (Electroconvulsive therapy): It’s a procedure where electrodes are connected to a person’s head, as well as a sequence of electrical shocks will be delivered to a brain. These shocks will induce seizures, leading to the releasing of neurotransmitters inside the brain. The type of treatment is usually never utilized today within schizophrenic treatment. ECT might be helpful as all medicines don’t respond, or if catatonia or serious depression makes treating this illness challenging.
- Psychosurgery: A surgery utilized to sever specific nerve pathways inside the brain, a lobotomy, was previously utilized in a few patients who have chronic, severe schizophrenia. It’s currently conducted just under very rare circumstances. It’s due to the irreversible, serious personality alterations that the operation might produce, as well as the truth that better results generally are obtained from less dramatic and dangerous procedures.
- It’s estimated that over 2.7 million individuals in the U.S. presently have schizophrenia. There will include more Americans who have schizophrenia than there are North Dakota and Wyoming residents combined.
- One in every 100 Americans fall victim to this illness.
- Three-quarters of people who have schizophrenia develop this illness between 16 – 25 years old. Initial onset prior to age 14 and following age 30 is not typical.
- Schizophrenia isn’t the same as a ‘split personality.’ The sickness depicted within ‘Sybil’ and ‘The Three Faces of Eve’ includes dissociative disorder or multiple personality disorder— different from this illness.
- Maybe the most familiar schizophrenic symptoms are delusions and hallucinations. Three-quarters of all individuals who have schizophrenia have these symptoms, though not every person who displays those symptoms has this illness.
- The more common type of hallucinations includes auditory experiences like ‘voices.’ Additional types of hallucinations involve visions which can’t be externally validated, or specific perceptions of taste, smell or touch.
- Occasionally, people who have schizophrenia possess ‘delusions of grandeur’ where they might think they’re exalted people, like Moses or Jesus, or they’ve been given a unique message for humanity.
- Reports indicated that twenty-five percent of the ones having schizophrenia completely recover, half are improved over a 10-year timeframe, and twenty-five percent don’t improve over time. The latest advances in medicine treatment reduced the percentage of individuals who previously were stated to be unimproved.
- Scientists don’t have any unanimous agreement as to the reason for schizophrenia. Proof indicates that the brains of people who have schizophrenia, as one group, are different than the ones who don’t have the illness, and people who have schizophrenia possess too much dopamine.
- The most efficient treatments to date by far for schizophrenics include antipsychotic medicines. Reports indicate that those medications are very effective for seventy percent of people who have schizophrenia.
- More and more mental health hospital beds are being occupied by people who have schizophrenia than any additional illness.
The Merck Manual: