Understanding Mental Health | Diagnosing Mental Disorders

Mental health includes how we think about issues or life, how we imagine ourselves and other people, and how we react in dealing with stress, change, and additional circumstances which occur to us. With healthy mental health, you’ll feel great about yourself, be relaxed with additional individuals, and deal easily with problems and tasks.

 

Taking excellent care of your mental health will be just as vital as taking excellent care of your body. If you possessed a fractured bone, you’d visit a physician. If you possess a mental health issue, you ought to seek treatment.

 

Education and awareness of mental health problems is important to decreasing the stigma connected with mental disorders these days. However, this education needs to be based on fact and become balanced in its point of view.

Oftentimes, national companies charged with leading the way for teaching individuals of mental conditions skew the truth and merely misrepresent the data we could glean from the present scientific research and evidence. NAMI (National Alliance for the Mentally Ill) includes one of these types of organizations that even goes as far as to try to rename mental conditions as ‘neurobiological brain disorders,’ although this terminology accidentally leaves out the additional 2/3 causative mental disorder factors (psychological and environmental/social variables).

 

Therefore, let us be factual here… Mental disorders aren’t caused by ‘neurochemical imbalances,’ according to research today. This research hasn’t proven that, period. Whilst the probability remains that there might be a few neurochemical links to mental disorders, it’s unethical, premature, and factually improper to imply a direct causal connection was already established. Any physician who utilizes this as his explanation for prescribing a medicine either is purposely misleading a patient (that’s likely unethical) or merely ignorant of the truth. You definitely should wonder about that physician’s additional expert ‘facts’ and judgments, if he claims the depression derives from this type of an imbalance.

 

Mental disorders also aren’t caused by you; neither will they be your fault. Most individuals still see mental conditions as a personal weakness. This is not true. The disorders affect 1 of every four adults in her or his lifespan, therefore it’s something which must be better understood and handled realistically within society today. Tomorrow, it might be you or somebody near to you who suffers with one of these conditions. Therefore, it’s important that you keep an open mind.

 

Based on all our best knowledge and research to date, it appears that all mental disorders possess 3 equally-important, common factors:

 

  • Biology – It involves genetics and theories of ‘drug imbalances’ inside the brain, and so on.
  • Psychology – Involves developmental factors, personality factors, and so on.
  • Social – Involves environmental factors, work and social relationships, and so on.

 

For many individuals, treating mental disorders will involve a blend of these factors, typically in two separate people: somebody to prescribe medicine and somebody to perform therapy. The initial individual is somebody to prescribe a medicine to assist the biological symptoms (like lethargy, lack of energy, struggles with sleeping, and so on in depression).

 

This individual might be a psychiatrist, general practitioner, psychopharmacologist, and so on. Many mental health specialists, from firsthand experience, advise that if an individual’s mental disorder is severe, it ought to be treated by a mental health expert who is knowledgeable, not a general practitioner. This means, if an individual has to receive medicines for this type of a disorder, the initial option includes having them prescribed by a psychopharmacologist or psychiatrist. They possess lots more training and direct expertise in treating mental conditions than a general practitioner does.

 

The second individual includes the expert psychotherapist who’ll assist the additional mental disorder causative factors, namely the social and psychological elements of the disorder. The individual usually is within the form of a clinical social worker, licensed psychologist, family and marriage counselor, or additional mental health expert with suitable experience and training in conducting therapy.

 

The individual’s degree does not appear to matter so much as the rapport with that individual and the expert’s level of expertise. Therefore, in other terms, it is extremely vital to feel at ease and comfortable with the therapist. An individual must have the ability to be open with the therapist and completely honest.

 

Without those factors, therapy will be rarely useful or helpful. In general, the more expertise a therapist possesses, the better their capability of helping you will be. This experience ought to be in treating the same types of issues you are seeking assistance for. Whilst a small minority of individuals can possibly be assisted with just one of those treatments, many people will respond ideally to obtaining both types simultaneously.

 

Do not allow stigmatization and past fears prevent you from seeking required treatment, or encouraging your loved one to search for the treatment she or he requires. Many mental disorders these days, with the treatment routine outlined here are treatable within four to eight months. Yes, they might reappear during some later point within a person’s life, yet then again, so will the flu and colds. The point is that the correct treatment could assist an individual in feeling better in the short-run and in the long-run. Loss of treatment may cause the symptoms of a condition taking that individual over, like hopelessness oftentimes will for somebody suffering with depression.

 

Mental illness will cover a broad array of disorders, from depression, schizophrenia, anxiety, Alzheimer’s, to eating disorders.

 

Those disorders could be the result of several various types of experiences within an individual’s lifetime, from childhood to later life occasions. A few examples include:

 

  • Dangerous, unsafe or chaotic environments (for instance, residing in a violent house, or residing in a home with peeling lead paint, shedding asbestos, or drinking water that’s toxic).
  • Early childhood serious traumas or losses (like the passing of a parent within childhood, or being neglected or abused).
  • Lack of social support (because of divorce, the passing of a loved one, moving away from family and friends, breaking up of relationship, lack of a job, or lack of trust).
  • Unhealthy social atmosphere (like homelessness, poverty, and community violence).
  • Situations which undermine self-confidence (like work or social-associated failures).
  • Negative thought patterns and learned helplessness (repeated or chronic stressful circumstances causing thoughts of helplessness, reinforced by loss of control over a situation).
  • Major illness (like stroke, heart disease, Parkinson’s, HIV, diabetes or cancer) which severely limit activity.
  • Side effects of medicines (for instance, blood pressure medicines and various additional drugs).
  • Hormonal alterations (stage of life adjustments, like the end or onset of menstruation which affect mood).
  • Substance use: Alcohol and a few drugs are well-known to possess depressive effects, and the negative personal and social results of substance use also can be a contributing factor to the depression (but, it isn’t clear which will come first – depression, as well as attempts to control it using substances, or the abuse of substances which then lead to depression).
  • Genetic reasons: Individuals who have close family members suffering with depression are more susceptible to depression (but, as no gene for depression was discovered, it might be environmental instead of genetic).
  • Biochemical reasons (imbalance of neurotransmitters like serotonin is well-known to affect emotion and thought processing).

 

 

Sources:

 

Spokane Mental Health:http://www.smhca.org/understanding_mental_health.aspx

 

Mind:http://www.mind.org.uk/help/diagnoses_and_conditions/mental_illness

 

Adventist news: http://www.adventistnews.org.uk/messenger/bam2008-21.pdf